Bibliographies of Military Rail Services articles, documents and books prepared by :

U.S. Army Military History Institute

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        To preserve the history and traditions of Americas regular, reserve, National Guard, volunteer, and militia land forces the U.S. Army established the Military History Research Collection in June 1967 at historic Carlisle Barracks.  Renamed the U.S. Army Military History Institute on 1 April 1977, USAMHI is the Army's official central repository for historical source material.


        USAMHI holds over nine million items that document the history of the U.S. Army and military history.  Collection includes: books, rare books, periodicals, photographs, manuscripts (diaries, letters, memoirs), military publications and manuals, maps, and oral histories.  

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USAMHI          RailroadsRefBranch  dv Feb 90, May 91, Dec 94 

RAILWAYS, WWII ERA   A Bibliography of MHI Sources 



Overseas Operations

   - General.....p.3

   - Mediterranean.....p.3

   - Europe.....p.4

   - Asia/Pacific.....p.5


Foreign Railroads.....p.6 


Assn of Amer Railroads.  Bureau of Railway Eco Library.  Railroads and National Defense in the  United States.  Wash, DC, 1941.  62 p.  UC313B9.

          A bibliography. 

         .  Railroads and National Defense - Some Current Materials.  Wash, DC, 1940.  9 p.   UC313B9. 

Cuff, Robert D.  "United States Mobilization and Railroad Transportation:  Lessons in Coordination  and Control, 1917-45."  Jrnl of Mil Hist  53 (Jan 1989):  pp. 33-50.  Per. 

DeNevi, Don, & Hall, Bob.  United States Military Railway Service:  America's Soldier-Railroaders  in WWII.  Erin, Ont:  Boston Mills, 1992.  160 p.  UC313D46. 

Farrington, Selwyn K., Jr.  Railroads at War.  NY:  Coward & McCann, 1944.  320 p.  D810T8F37. 

Geesey, Edwin P.  Papers.  1 bx.  Arch.

      Covers his 1941-46 service, which incls transp & civil affairs activities, notably at Newfoundland (1941) and Japan (1945-46).  Was mil gov of Hokkaido. 

Gray, Carl R., Jr.  "The Military Railway Service."  Army Transport Jrnl  4 (May - Jun 1948): 

    pp. 18-19, 38 & 40-42, and (Jul-Aug 1948:  pp. 16-19 & 44-45.  Per. 

         .  "The Military Railway Service Up to the Italian Campaign."  Mil Rev  27 (May 1948): 

    pp. 3-11.  Per.


Railways, WWII          p.2 

         .  Railroading, cited below. 

Hershey, Lewis.  Papers.  Arch.

      Director, Selective Service, 1940-73.  See File #831.1 "Labor Supply," #780 "Railroad Employees in Military Service," and related neighboring files. 

Lasher, Edmund C.  Oral hist transcript.  Arch.

      Senior transport officer with special responsibilities for rail traffic management in US. 

    Lourie, George E.  "Development of Military Railway Service."  Mil Rev  26 (Sep 1946):  pp. 26-33.   Per. 

Ross, Lewis T.  "The Military Railway Service."  Mil Engr  34 (Feb 1942):  pp. 71-75.  Per. 

    Tourret, R.  United States Army Transportation Corps Locomotives.  Abington, Eng:  Tourrett, 1977.   101 p.  TJ603.2T68. 

U.S. Army Transportation School.  Transportation Handbooks for Organized Reserve Corps.  Vol. 1.   Ft Eustis, VA, 1949.  U4225.H3T72.

          See lesson plans, Vol 1, pp. 65-89. 

U.S. War Dept.  Military Railroads and the Military Railway Service.  Field Manual 55-50,

    Mar 1944.  FM. 

         .  Railway Operating Battalion.  FM 55-55, Feb 1944.  FM. 

         .  Transportation Corps:  Railroad Equipment.  Army Reg 55-675, Oct 1944.  AR.

      See Sec III, Circ 39, 1942 and AR 55-255.  Concern identifying & marking equip. 

         .  Transportation Corps:  Railway Operating Battalions.  Table of Org & Equip 55-225,

    Oct 1943.  6 p.  TOE.

      And earlier, later eds. 

         .  Transportation Corps:  Railway Shop Battalion.  TO&E 55-235, Oct 1943.  3 p.  TOE.

      And earlier, later eds. 

Wardlow, Chester.  The Transportation Corps:  Movements, Training and Supply.  In USAWWII  series.  Wash, DC:  OCMH, 1951.  564 p.  D769A533v6pt1v2.

          See index. 

         .  The Transportation Corps:  Responsibilities, Organization and Operations.  In USAWWII  series.  Wash, DC:  OCMH, 1951.  454 p.  D769A533v6pt1v1.

          See esp Chap X.


Railways, WWII          p.3 

See also:

- Frank McSherry Papers, Arch (member of War Manpower Comm)

- Somervell, Brehon B. (CB, ASF, 37 bxs)

- Military Service - Conscription

- Photographs, PhotoArch incl:

    - WWII Signal Corps Coll (7 folders of ca 70 photos)

    - H.U. Milne Coll (Box 11 & 48, ca 20 photos)

- Photos of train interiors:

    - Troop train (Milne Coll, Bx 23, #6960)

    - Defense Special, 1941 (Milne Coll, Bx 8, #2489-91)

    - Cab window of locomotive (G.V. Henry Coll #370)

    - Nurses relaxing (Milne Coll, #729)

    - Various (Milne Coll, Bx 19, #5895-936)

- Logistics

- Mobilization, Economic

                    - US Home Front (WWII) 


Bykofsky, Joseph, & Larson, Harold.  The Transportation Corps:  Overseas Operations.  In  USAWWII series.  Wash, DC:  OCMH, 1957.  671 p.  D769A533v6pt1v3.

          See index. 

Gray, Carl R., Jr.  Railroading in Eighteen Countries:  The Story of American Railroad Men Serving  in the Military Railway Service 1862 to 1953.  NY:  Scribner's, 1955.  351 p.  UG523G72.

          Chaps 5-12 each cover a different country. 


Gray, Carl R., Jr.  "The Military Railway Service in Italy and Northwest Europe."  Mil Rev 28

    (Jun 1948):  pp. 20-26.  Per. 

         .  Railroading in Eighteen..., cited above, Chaps 5-6. 

U.S. Army.  719th Rwy Opn Bn.  Photo, ca 1944.  RG100S-Rolled #85, PhotoArch.


Railways, WWII          p.4  

See also:

- PhotoArch incls pertinent images in Italy:  HU Milne Coll, Box 28 (.8154-55 & .8234-35)

    & Box 56 (.17406 & 17317-18)

- "Iran, WWII" on Persian Corridor 


Gray, Carl R., Jr.  "The Miltiary Railway Service in Italy and Northwest Europe."  Mil Rev 28

    (Jun 1948):  pp. 20-26.  Per. 

         .  Railroading in Eighteen..., cited above.  Chaps 7-9.  

Olson, Betty M.  Papers.  1 bx., Arch.

      Memoir of WAC in 29th Traffic Regulating Group and later secretary to

      MG Frank Ross, Chief of Transport, ETO. 

Osmanski, Frank A.  Papers.  7 bxs.  Arch.

      G-4 officer, SHAEF, and student, Armed Forces Staff Coll.

      SHAEF staff studies and AFSC student analyses on ETO logistics, to incl railways. 

Schoepf, Roland.  Papers.  1 bx.  Arch.

      Memoirs of QM officer incl chap (pp. 173ff) "Rations, Railroads, and Raisins," concerning transport bottlenecks in ETO. 

U.S. Army European Theater of Opns.  ComZ.  Communications - Zone Activities in Support of the  European Campaign, 30 July 1943 -25 February 1945.  Paris, 1945.  ca 200 p.  D76975U54. 

U.S. Forces, European Theater.  General Board.  Military Railway Service.  Study No 123,

    Bad Nauheim, Ger, 1945-46.  35 p.  D769A2no123.  

See also: 

- Lee, John C.H. (Chief, ComZ, ETO, memoir, 1 bx)

- Littlejohn, Robert (Chief QM, ETO, official papers, 12 bxs)

- Moses, Raymond (G-4, First Army & 12th Army Gp, diary, 1 bx)

- Photos of trains operating in France (Milne Coll, Bx 30, #8356-61 & Bx 52 #14948, #14956-57, & #15173) and Blanton Coll (RG615#26) -- in Belgium (Milne Coll, Bx 11, #3080-82 & Box 30, #8470-71)  -- in Europe, various (Milne Coll, Bx 26, #7807-14.)  -- In Germany (Milne, Bx 53, #15247)

- Unit hist sec below

Railways, WWII          p.5  


Gray, Carl R., Jr.  Railroading in Eighteen..., cited above.  Chaps 11-12. 

Small, Charles S.  Rails to Doomsday:  The U.S. Army's Corregidor and Manila Railroads.   Greenwich, CT:  Railroad Monographs, 1980.  76 p.  TF113P6S63. 

See also:

- Photo of Japanese train & railyard on Saipan destroyed by US air raids.  (#10503, Box 40, Milne Coll, PhotoArch)

- Photos of trains in CBI, Milne Coll, Box 55, #16335

- Unit hists, incl George Almes Papers.  


Almes, George A., Sr.  Papers.  1 box.  Arch.

      Primarily official correspondence re 765th Rwy Shop Bn, CBI, particularly hospitalizations. 

Gregory, A.G.  The Saga of the 708th Railway Grand Division.  Baltimore:  B&O Railroad, 1947. 

      73 p.  #1307-708.1947. 

Hastings, David C., ed.  History of the 706th Railway Grand Division, 25 Oct 1943 - 9 May 1945.   Wiesbaden:  Kurfer, 1945.  88 p.  #1307-706.1945. 

Helmich, Allen M., & Peters, Clarence H., eds.  History of the 756th Railway Shop Battalion.   Marseille, Fr, 1945.  67 p.  #1302-756.1945. 

Kendall, Ralph A.  Papers.  1 box.  Arch.

      Personal correspondence and other material re his enlisted service in 719th, 755th & 758th Rwy Shop Bns US & ERO, esp Belguim. 

Livingstone, John.  740th Railway Operating Battalion.  NY:  Carlton, 1981.  271 p.   #1302-740.1981. 

      Also #1302-740.1945 (21 p.) 

McInnis, Alfred E.  Never to Forget:  An Informal History of Company D, 746th Railway Operating  Battalion.  Nuremberg:  Zimmermannsche, 1945.  89 p.  #1302-746.1945.

          And #1302-746.1946, 53 p.

Railways, WWII          p.6 

Nutter, Wm. P., ed.  The Soldier-Railroaders' Story of the 716th Railway Operating Battalion.   Stuttgart, Ger:  Belser, 1946.  120 p.  #1302-716-1946. 

Parks, Maynard E.  Extra 704 West:  The Story of a Railway Grand Division.  Stuttgart, Ger:   Vereinbuch, 1945.  168 p.  #1307-704-1945. 

Pratt, George C.  "History of Co B, 758th Railroad Shop Battalion."  Ex-CBI Roundup (Feb 1994): 

    pp. 6-13.  Per. 

Russell, Louis L., ed.  The Santa Fe Battalion in World War II.  Chicago:  Neely, 1946.  159 p.   #1302-713-1946.

      The 713th Railway Opn Bn.  Also History of Co A (Austin, TX, 1946), 43 p.  (#1302-713-1946/2). 

U.S. Army.  1st Mil Railway Service.  American "Rails" in Eight Countries.  Dijon, Fr:  Bertheir,  1945.  32 p.  #1307-1-1945. 

         .  728th Rwy Op Bn.  Photos, ETO.  James E. Wadsworth Coll (RG4615), PhotoArch. 

         .  745th Rwy Opn Bn.  Photos, India, n.d.  Robert Walker Coll, PhotoArch. 

U.S. Army Military History Institute.  World War II Veterans Survey.  Arch.

      Returns of completed questionnaires & other materials, 1988-, filed by unit.  9 returns on file from Mil Rail Srvc, 3 Oct 91. 

Weiler, Henry W., & Ferrick, John W., eds.  World War II, 756th Railway Operating Battalion....  St  Louis, MO:  Mulligan, 1951.  20 p.  #1302-759.1951. 

See also: 

- 714th Rwy Op Bn (1302-714.1946) / - 718th Rwy Op Bn (1302-718.1945) /- 726th Rwy Op Bn (1302-726.1943) /- 727th Rwy Op Bn (1302-727.1948)

- 745th Rwy Op Bn (1302-745.1945) 


Joachimsthaler, Anton.  "Hitler's Super Railway."  Trans from German.  Trains (Aug 1984): 

    pp. 38-51.  Photocopy in MiscFile:  RR.

          Planned gigantic broad-guage system.

Railways, WWII          p.7 

Kinvig, Clifford.  River Kwai Railway:  The Story of the Burma-Siam Railroad.  NY:  Brassey's,  1992.  236 p.  D805J3K552.

      Japanese opn. 

LaForte, Robert S., & Marcello, Ronald E., eds.  Building the Death Railway:  The Ordeal of  American POWs in Burma, 1942-45.  Wilmington, DE:  Scholarly Resources, 1993.  300 p.   D805B9B85. 

Mierzejewski, Alfred C.  The Collapse of the German War Economy, 1944-45:  Allied Air Power and  the German National Railway.  Chapel Hill:  U of NC, 1988.  285 p.  HC286.4M53. 

Nock, O.S.  Britain's Railways at War, 1939-45.  London:  Allan, 1971.  224 p.  HE3017N6. 

    Robbins, Michael.  190 in Persia:  Some Notes on a War-Time Railway Operation.  London:  Author, 1951.  40 p.  D759.55R62.


    Sawodny, Wolfgang.  German Armored Trains in World War II.  West Chester, PA:  Schiffer, 1989.   ca 50 p.  UG345S28. 

         .  German Armored Trains in World War II.  Vol II.  West Chester, PA:  Schiffer, 1989. 

    53 p.  UG345S28. 

U.S. Army.  Military Railway Service.  Railways of Australia:  Report No 1 on Foreign Railways.   Wash, DC, 1942.  58 p.  HE3465R34. 

U.S. Stragic Bombing Survey.  German Locomotive Industry During the War.  2d ed.  European  Branch Report No 203, London, Jan 1947.  32 p.  D785no203.

          Incls production data and plant damage info. 
     This can be found here:

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    USAMHI                                                                                                                     Railways


    dv Feb 90, May 91 


     A Selected Bibliography of MHI Sources

      Carter, Ernest F.  Railways in Wartime.  London:  Muller, 1964.   221 p.  UG345C37. 

    Gray, Carl R., Jr.  Railroading in Eighteen Countries:  The Story of American Railroad Men Serving          in the Military Railway Service, 1862 to 1953.  NY:  Scribner's, 1955.  351 p.  UG523G72. 

    Richardson, Helen R., comp.  Railroads in Defense and War:  A Bibliography.  Wash, DC:  Assoc of        Amer Railroads, 1953.  262 p.  Z6724R2A87.

     Ruffner, Kevin C.  "Yankee Boomers in Action."  Translog (Mar 1980):  pp. 1‑5.  Per.

                            Surveys hist of US Mil Railway Svc, 1860‑1980.

     Shepard, James C.  "They, Too, Had Their Pattons: The Army and the Railroad."  2 pts.  Trans     Corps (Apr 1990):  pp. 28‑30.  Per.


    Thomas, T.H.  "Armies and the Railway Revolution"  War as a Social Institution:  The Historian's Perspective.  Ed by Jesse D. Clarkson and Thomas C. Cochran.  NY:  Columbia U, 1941.        pp. 88‑94.  U102A52.

                            Essay with examples.


    U.S. Army.  QM Corps School.  "An Historical Study of Rail Transportation."  Schuylkill Arsenal,             Phila, 1928.  57 p.  UC310H57.


             Transportation Handbook for O.R.C.  Vol I.  Ref mat, Ft Eustis, VA, 1949.  U4225H3T72.

                                        See Chap I, "History of Rail Transportation in the U.S. Army," pp. 65‑89.

     Van Fleet, James A.  Rail Transport and the Winning of Wars.  Wash, DC:  Assoc of Amer         Railroads, 1956.  71 p.  UC310V2.

                                        Surveys role of railroads in US national security.

     Westwood, J.N.  Railways at War.  San Diego:  Howell‑North, 1981.  224 p.  UG345W45.

     See also:        

    ‑ "Railways, WWI"

    ‑ "Railways, WWII"

    ‑ "Railways, Since 1945"

    ‑ Transportation

    - Mobilz, Eco

    - "Railway Artillery" (Arty - Gen/Misc)


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